Relative age dating geology
In this case, the principle states that the item doing the cutting is younger than what is being cut.If we return to our example of the layered cake, the cake has to be there first before you can cut with a knife.These fossils are found in rocks in chronological order in rock strata with the oldest being on the bottom and the youngest at the top.This can best be explained by looking at fossils embedded in a rock column.Today there are two common practices for dating rocks and strata. Geologists use what they see and some simple strategies to relative date the rock layers found in the Grand Canyon.The first is called absolute dating, where geologists use radioactive decay to determine the actual age of a rock. Let's say you are a geologist who is tasked with dating the rocks found in the Grand Canyon, and you must do so in the canyon without the aid of any laboratory equipment. Relative dating doesn't really give us an actual 'age,' but it does put things in sequential order.Law of superposition: This is one of the most basic techniques of relative dating geologists use.This principle says that the oldest rock layer is always on the bottom and layers above it get progressively younger.
This same process applies with each layer to the cake added.
Principle of cross-cutting relations: The principle is another example of which came first.
Instead of using layers, it involves features that cut through the rock, like a fault or a dike.
Using these techniques allows geologists to determine not only the relative age of rocks but fossils as well.
The only way to determine the absolute age of a rock or fossil is by using absolute dating techniques which have to be performed in a lab.