Reading and dating roman imperial coins
The eras in use at the various cities owed their origin to various circumstances. C., after the defeat of Tigranes Pompey entered Syria. THE CAESAREAN ERA dates from the victory of Caesar over Pompey at Pharsalia, Aug. On the series of Ptolemaic coins commencing with the era of Arsino II, A-Ω (= 1-24) and AA-ΩΩ (= 25-48), etc., are not, dates but sequence letters.
The local era of a city or province will often date from an important event in the history of the city, district, or province. The Ephesian cistophori bear dates reckoned from this era. For the various Cyprian and Phoenician methods of dating coins, the student should consult the volumes of the British Museum Catalogue, Cyprus and Phoenicia.
The Romans began to mint coins in the 6th century B. and continued to do so until the fall of the last western emperor in 476 A. Because the Romans produced hundreds of different coins, it can be a challenge to correctly identify them.
Coins struck at Alexandreia under the empire were dated by the regnal years of the Emperor.Sestertius: worth one quarter of a denarius Dupondius: worth one eighth of a denarius As: worth one sixteenth of a denarius Quadrans: worth one sixty-fourth of a denarius Chrysostom Graves received his Bachelor of Arts in American studies from Eckerd College where he graduated magna cum laude.From 2007-2009, he published his own language textbooks while also contributing to "Missao Vida," a monthly review of the mission field in Brazil.Aug: "Augustus" or "Sacred" (an imperial title) Caes: "Caesar" (originally a family name; became an imperial title) Cens Per: "Censor Perpetuus" or "Perpetual Censor" Cos: "Consul" F: "Filius/Filia" or "Son/Daughter" Ger: "Germanicus" (honorary and hereditary name) Imp: "Imperator" or "Emperor" PM: "Pontifex Maximus" or "Head Priest" PP: "Pater Patriae" or "Father of the Country" TP: "Tribunicia Potestas" or "Tribunal Power" The reverse of Roman coins contains images of gods and personifications.Personifications are human figures that represent qualities such as justice, fortune, honour or happiness.